I had the pleasure of an invitation to one of those reunions or
séances at the house, in a fashionable quarter, of my distant
connection, Lady Barbara Grille, whereat it was my hostess's humour to
gather together those many birds of alien feather and incongruous habit
that will flock from the hedgerows to the least little flattering
crumb of attention. And scarce one of them but thinks the simple feast
is spread for him alone. And with so cheap a bait may a title lure.
That reference to so charming a personality should be in this place
is a digression. She affects my narrative only inasmuch as I happened
to meet at her house a gentleman who for a time exerted a considerable
influence over my fortunes.
The next morning after the séance, my landlady entered with a card,
which she presented to my consideration:
Major James Shrike,
H. M. Prison, D——
All astonishment, I bade my visitor up.
He entered briskly, fur-collared, hat in hand, and bowed as he
stood on the threshold. He was a very short man—snub-nosed;
rusty-whiskered; indubitably and unimpressively a cockney in
appearance. He might have walked out of a Cruikshank etching.
I was beginning, 'May I enquire—' when the other took me up with a
vehement frankness that I found engaging at once.
'This is a great intrusion. Will you pardon me? I heard some
remarks of yours last night that deeply interested me. I obtained your
name and address from our hostess, and took the liberty of—'
'Oh! pray be seated. Say no more. My kinswoman's introduction is
all-sufficient. I am happy in having caught your attention in so
motley a crowd.'
'She doesn't—forgive the impertinence—take herself seriously
'Lady Barbara? Then you've found her out?'
'Ah!—you're not offended?'
'Not in the least.'
'Good. It was a motley assemblage, as you say. Yet I'm inclined to
think I found my pearl in the oyster. I'm afraid I interrupted—eh?'
'No, no, not at all. Only some idle scribbling. I'd finished.'
'You are a poet?'
'Only a lunatic. I haven't taken my degree.'
'Ah! it's a noble gift—the gift of song; precious through its
I caught a note of emotion in my visitor's voice, and glanced at
'Surely,' I thought, 'that vulgar, ruddy little face is
'But,' said the stranger, coming to earth, 'I am lingering beside
the mark. I must try to justify my solecism in manners by a straight
reference to the object of my visit. That is, in the first instance, a
matter of business.'
'I am a man with a purpose, seeking the hopefullest means to an
end. Plainly: if I could procure you the post of resident doctor at
D— gaol, would you be disposed to accept it?'
I looked my utter astonishment.
'I can affect no surprise at yours, said the visitor. 'It is
perfectly natural. Let me forestall some unnecessary expression of it.
My offer seems unaccountable to you, seeing that we never met until
last night. But I don't move entirely in the dark. I have ventured in
the interval to inform myself as to the details of your career. I was
entirely one with much of your expression of opinion as to the
treatment of criminals, in which you controverted the crude and
unpleasant scepticism of the lady you talked with. Combining the two,
I come to the immediate conclusion that you are the man for my
'You have dumbfounded me. I don't know what to answer. You have
views, I know, as to prison treatment. Will you sketch them? Will you
talk on, while I try to bring my scattered wits to a focus?'
'Certainly I will. Let me, in the first instance, recall to you a
few words of your own. They ran somewhat in this fashion: Is not the
man of praetical genius the man who is most apt at solving the little
problems of resourcefulness in life? Do you remember them?'
'Perhaps I do, in a cruder form.'
'They attracted me at once. It is upon such a postulate I base my
practice. Their moral is this:
To know the antidote the moment the snake bites. That is to have
the intuition of divinity. We shall rise to it some day, no doubt, and
climb the hither side of the new Olympus. Who knows?
Over the crest the spirit of creation may be ours.'
I nodded, still at sea, and the other went on with a smile:
'I once knew a world-famous engineer with whom I used to breakfast
occasionally. He had a patent egg-boiler on the table, with a little
double-sided ladle underneath to hold the spirit. He complained that
his egg was always undercooked. I said, "Why not reverse the ladle so
as to bring the deeper cut uppermost?" He was charmed with my
perspicacity. The solution had never occurred to him. You remember,
too, no doubt, the story of Coleridge and the horse collar. We aim too
much at great developments. If we cultivate resourcefulness, the rest
will follow. Shall I state my system in nuce? It is to encourage this
spirit of resourcefulness.'
'Surely the habitual criminal has it in a marked degree?'
'Yes; but abnormally developed in a single direction. His one
object is to out-manoeuvre in a game of desperate and immoral chances.
The tactical spirit in him has none of the higher ambition. It has
felt itself in the degree only that stops at defiance.'
'That is perfectly true.'
'It is half self-conscious of an individuality that instinctively
assumes the hopelessness of a recognition by duller intellects.
Leaning to resentment through misguided vanity, it falls "all
oblique". What is the cure for this? I answer, the teaching of a
divine egotism. The subject must be led to a pure devotion to self
What he wishes to respect he must be taught to make beautiful and
interesting. The policy of sacrifice to others has so long stunted his
moral nature because it is a hypocritical policy. We are responsible
to ourselves in the first instance; and to argue an eternal system of
blind self-sacrifice is to undervalue the fine gift of individuality.
In such he sees but an indefensible policy of force applied to the
advantage of the community. He is told to be good— not that he may
morally profit, but that others may not suffer inconvenience.'
I was beginning to grasp, through my confusion, a certain clue of
meaning in my visitor's rapid utterance. The stranger spoke fluently,
but in the dry, positive voice that characterizes men of will.
'Pray go on,' I said; 'I am digesting in silence.'
'We must endeavour to lead him to respect of self by showing him
what his mind is capable of.
I argue on no sectarian, no religious grounds even. Is it possible
to make a man's self his most precious possession? Anyhow, I work to
that end. A doctor purges before building up with a tonic. I eliminate
cant and hypocrisy, and then introduce self-respect. It isn't enough to
employ a man's hands only. Initiation in some labour that should prove
wholesome and remunerative is a redeeming factor, but it isn't all.
His mind must work also, and awaken to its capacities. If it rusts,
the body reverts to inhuman instincts.'
'May I ask how you—?'
'By intercourse—in my own person or through my officials. I wish
to have only those about me who are willing to contribute to my
designs, and with whom I can work in absolute harmony.
All my officers are chosen to that end. No doubt a dash of
constitutional sentimentalism gives colour to my theories. I get it
from a human trait in me that circumstances have obliged me to put a
'I begin to gather daylight.'
'Quite so. My patients are invited to exchange views with their
guardians in a spirit of perfect friendliness; to solve little
problems of practical moment; to acquire the pride of self-reliance.
We have competitions, such as certain newspapers open to their
readers in a simple form. I draw up the questions myself. The answers
give me insight into the mental conditions of the competitors. Upon
insight I proceed. I am fortunate in private means, and I am in a
position to offer modest prizes to the winners, Whenever such a one is
discharged, he finds awaiting him the tools most handy to his
vocation. I bid him go forth in no pharisaical spirit, and invite him
to communicate with me. I wish the shadow of the gaol to extend no
further than the road whereon it lies. Henceforth, we are
acquaintances with a common interest at heart. Isn't it monstrous that
a state-fixed degree of misconduct should earn a man social ostracism?
Parents are generally inclined to rule extra tenderness towards a
child whose peccadilloes have brought him a whipping. For myself have
no faith in police supervision. Give a culprit his term and have done
with it. I find the majority who come back to me are ticket-of-leave
men, 'Have I said enough? I offer you the reversion of the post. The
present holder of it leaves in a month's time. Please to determine
here and at once.'
'Very good. I have decided,'
'You will accept?'
With my unexpected appointment as doctor to D— gaol, I seemed to
have put on the seven-league boots of success. No doubt it was an
extraordinary degree of good fortune, even to one who had looked
forward with a broad view of confidence; yet, I think, perhaps on
account of the very casual nature of my promotion, I never took the
post entirely seriously.
At the same time I was fully bent on justifying my little cockney
patron's choice by a resolute subscription to his theories of prison
Major James Shrike inspired me with a curious conceit of
impertinent respect. In person the very embodiment of that
insignificant vulgarity, without extenuating circumstances, which is
the type in caricature of the ultimate cockney, he possessed a force
of mind and an earnestness of purpose that absolutely redeemed him on
close acquaintanceship. I found him all he had stated himself to be,
and something more.
He had a noble object always in view—the employment of sane and
humanitarian methods in the treatment of redeemable criminals, and he
strove towards it with completely untiring devotion. He was of those
who never insist beyond the limits of their own understanding,
clear-sighted in discipline, frank in relaxation, an altruist in the
His undaunted persistence, as I learned, received ample
illustration some few years prior to my acquaintance with him,
when—his system being experimental rather than mature—a devastating
epidemic of typhoid in the prison had for the time stultified his
efforts. He stuck to his post; but so virulent was the outbreak that
the prison commissioners judged a complete evacuation of the building
and overhauling of the drainage to be necessary. As a consequence, for
some eighteen months—during thirteen of which the Governor and his
household remained sole inmates of the solitary pile (so sluggishly do
we redeem our condemned social bog-lands)—the 'system' stood still
for lack of material to mould. At the end of over a year of stagnation,
a contract was accepted and workmen put in, and another five months
saw the prison reordered for practical purposes.
The interval of forced inactivity must have sorely tried the
patience of the Governor. Practical theorists condemned to rust too
often eat out their own hearts. Major Shrike never referred to this
period, and, indeed, laboriously snubbed any allusion to it.
He was, I have a shrewd notion, something of an officially petted
reformer. Anyhow, to his abolition of the insensate barbarism of crank
and treadmill in favour of civilizing methods no opposition was
offered. Solitary confinement—a punishment outside all nature to a
gregarious race—found no advocate in him. 'A man's own suffering
mind,' he argued, 'must be, of all moral food, the most poisonous for
him to feed on. Surround a scorpion with fire and he stings himself to
death, they say. Throw a diseased soul entirely upon its own resources
and moral suicide results.'
To sum up: his nature embodied humanity without sentimentalism,
firmness without obstinacy, individuality without selfishness; his
activity was boundless, his devotion to his system so real as to admit
no utilitarian sophistries into his scheme of personal benevolence.
Before I had been with him a week, I respected him as I had never
respected man before.
One evening (it was during the second month of my appointment) we
were sitting in his private study—a dark, comfortable room lined with
books. It was an occasion on which a new characteristic of the man was
offered to my inspection.
A prisoner of a somewhat unusual type had come in that day—a
spiritualistic medium, convicted of imposture. To this person I
'May I ask how you propose dealing with the newcomer?'
'On the familiar lines.'
'But, surely—here we have a man of superior education, of
'No, no, no! A hawker's opportuneness; that describes it. These
fellows would make death itself a vulgarity.'
'You've no faith in their—'
'Not a tittle. Heaven forfend! A sheet and a turnip are poetry to
their manifestations It's as crude and sour soil for us to work on as
any I know. We'll cart it wholesale.'
'I take you—excuse my saying so—for a supremely sceptical man.'
'As to what?'
'The supernatural'.There was no answer during a considerable
interval. Presently it came, with deliberate insistence:
'It is a principle with me to oppose bullying. We are here for a
definite purpose—his duty plain to any man who wills to read it.
There may be disembodied spirits who seek to distress or annoy where
they can no longer control. If there are, mine, which is not yet
divorced from its means to material action, declines to be influenced
by any irresponsible whimsy, emanating from a place whose denizens
appear to be actuated by a mere frivolous antagonism to all human order
'But supposing you, a murderer, to be haunted by the presentment of
'I will imagine that to be my case. Well, it makes no difference.
My interest is with the great human system, in one of whose veins I am
a circulating drop. It is my business to help to keep the system
sound, to do my duty without fear or favour. If disease—say a fouled
conscience— contaminates me, it is for me to throw off the incubus,
not accept it, and transmit the poison.
Whatever my lapses of nature, I owe it to the entire system to work
for purity in my allotted sphere, and not to allow any microbe bugbear
to ride me roughshod, to the detriment of my fellow drops.'
'It should be for you,' I said, 'to learn to shiver, like the boy
in the fairy-tale.'
'I cannot,' he answered, with a peculiar quiet smile; 'and yet
prisons, above all places, should be haunted.'
Very shortly after his arrival I was called to the cell of the
medium, F—. He suffered, by his own statement, from severe pains in
I found the man to be nervous, anaemic; his manner characterized by
a sort of hysterical effrontery.
'Send me to the infirmary,' he begged. 'This isn't punishment, but
'What are your symptoms?'
'I see things; my case has no comparison with others. To a man of
my super-sensitiveness close confinement is mere cruelty.'
I made a short examination. He was restless under my hands.
'You'll stay where you are,' I said.
He broke out into violent abuse, and I left him.
Later in the day I visited him again. He was then white and sullen;
but under his mood I could read real excitement of some sort.
'Now, confess to me, my man,' I said, 'what do you see?'
He eyed me narrowly, with his lips a little shaky.
'Will you have me moved if I tell you?'
'I can give no promise till I know.'
He made up his mind after an interval of silence.
'There's something uncanny in my neighbourhood. 'Who's confined in
the next cell—there, to the left?'
'To my knowledge it's empty.'
He shook his head incredulously.
'Very well,' I said, 'I don't mean to bandy words with you'; and I
turned to go.
At that he came after me with a frightened choke.
'Doctor, your mission's a merciful one. I'm not trying to sauce you.
For God's sake have me moved! I can see further than most, I tell
The fellow's manner gave me pause. He was patently and beyond the
pride of concealment terrified.
'What do you see?' I repeated stubbornly.
'It isn't that I see, but I know. The cell's not empty!' I stared
at him in considerable wonderment.
'I will make enquiries,' I said. 'You may take that for a promise.
If the cell proves empty, you stop where you are.'
I noticed that he dropped his hands with a lost gesture as I left
him. I was sufficiently moved to accost the warder who awaited me on
'Johnson,' I said, 'is that cell—'
'Empty, sir,' answered the man sharply and at once.
Before I could respond, F— came suddenly to the door, which I
still held open.
'You lying cur!' he shouted. 'You damned lying cur!' The warder
thrust the man back with violence.
'Now you, 49,' he said, 'dry up, and none of your sauce!' and he
banged to the door with a sounding slap, and turned to me with a
lowering face. The prisoner inside yelped and stormed at the studded
'That cell's empty, sir,' repeated Johnson.
'Will you, as a matter of conscience, let me convince myself? I
promised the man.'
'No, I can't.'
'This is a piece of stupid discourtesy. You can have no reason, of
'I can't open it—that's all.'
'Oh, Johnson! Then I must go to the fountainhead.'
'Very well, sir.'
Quite baffled by the man's obstinacy, I said no more, but walked
off. If my anger was roused, my curiosity was piqued in proportion.
I had no opportunity of interviewing the Governor all day, but at
night I visited him by invitation to play a game of piquet.
He was a man without 'incumbrances'—as a severe conservatism
designates the lares of the cottage—and, at home, lived at his ease
and indulged his amusements without comment.
I found him 'tasting' his books, with which the room was well
lined, and drawing with relish at an excellent cigar in the intervals
of the courses.
He nodded to me, and held out an open volume in his left hand.
'Listen to this fellow,' he said, tapping the page with his fingers:
' "The most tolerable sort of Revenge, is for those wrongs which
there is no Law to remedy.
But then, let a man take heed, the Revenge be such, as there is no
law to punish. Else, a man's Enemy, is still before hand, and it is
two for one. Some, when they take Revenge, are Desirous the party
should know, whence it cometh. This is the more Generous. For the
Delight seemeth to be, not so much in doing the Hurt, as in making the
Party repent: But Base and Crafty Cowards, are like the Arrow that
flyeth in the Dark. Cosmus, Duke of Florence, had a Desperate
Saying.against Perfidious or Neglecting Friends, as if these Wrongs
were unpardonable. You shall read saith he) that we are commanded to
forgive our Enemies: But you never read, that we are commanded to
forgive our Friends." '
'Is he not a rare fellow?'
'Who?' said I.
'Francis Bacon, who screwed his wit to his philosophy, like a
hammer-head to its handle, and knocked a nail in at every blow. How
many of our friends round about here would be picking oakum now if
they had made a gospel of that quotation?'
'You mean they take no heed that the Law may punish for that for
which it gives no remedy?'
'Precisely; and specifically as to revenge. The criminal, from the
murderer to the petty pilferer, is actuated solely by the spirit of
vengeance—vengeance blind and speechless—towards a system that
forces him into a position quite outside his natural instincts.'
'As to that, we have left Nature in the thicket. It is hopeless
hunting for her now.'
'We hear her breathing sometimes, my friend. Otherwise Her
Majesty's prison locks would rust. But, I grant you, we have grown so
unfamiliar with her that we call her simplest manifestations
"That reminds me. I visited F— this afternoon. The man was in a
queer way—not foxing, in my opinion. Hysteria, probably.'
'Oh! What was the matter with him?'
'The form it took was some absurd prejudice about the next
cell—number 47. He swore it was not empty—was quite upset about
it—said there was some infernal influence at work in his
neighbourhood. Nerves, he finds, I suppose, may revenge themselves on
one who has made a habit of playing tricks with them. To satisfy him,
I asked Johnson to open the door of the next cell—'
'It is closed by my orders.'
'That settles it, of course. The manner of Johnson's refusal was a
bit uncivil, but—'
He had been looking at me intently all this time—so intently that
I was conscious of a little embarrassment and confusion. His mouth was
set like a dash between brackets, and his eyes glistened. Now his
features relaxed, and he gave a short high neigh of a laugh.
'My dear fellow, you must make allowances for the rough old
lurcher. He was a soldier. He is all cut and measured out to the
regimental pattern. With him Major Shrike, like the king, can do no
wrong. Did I ever tell you he served under me in India? He did; and,
moreover, I saved his life there.'
'In an engagement?'
'Worse—from the bite of a snake. It was a mere question of will. I
told him to wake and walk, and he did. They had thought him already in
rigor mortis; and, as for him—well, his devotion to me since has been
single to the last degree.'
'That's as it should be.'
'To be sure. And he's quite in my confidence. You must pass over
the old beggar's churlishness.'
I laughed an assent. And then an odd thing happened. As I spoke, I
had walked over to a bookcase on the opposite side of the room to that
on which my host stood. Near this bookcase hung a mirror—an oblong
affair, set in brass repoussé work—on the wall; and, happening
to.glance into it as I approached, I caught sight of the Major's
reflection as he turned his face to follow my movement.
I say 'turned his face'—a formal description only. What met my
startled gaze was an image of some nameless horror—of features
grooved, and battered, and shapeless, as if they had been torn by a
I gave a little indrawn gasp and turned about. There stood the
Major, plainly himself, with a pleasant smile on his face.
'What's up?' said he.
He spoke abstractedly, pulling at his cigar; and I answered rudely,
'That's a damned bad looking-glass of yours!'
'I didn't know there was anything wrong with it,' he said, still
abstracted and apart. And, indeed, when by sheer mental effort I
forced myself to look again, there stood my companion as he stood in
I gave a tremulous laugh, muttered something or nothing, and fell
to examining the books in the case. But my fingers shook a trifle as I
aimlessly pulled out one volume after another.
'Am I getting fanciful?' I thought—'I whose business it is to give
practical account of every bugbear of the nerves. Bah! My liver must
be out of order. A speck of bile in one's eye may look a flying
I dismissed the folly from my mind, and set myself resolutely to
inspecting the books marshallcd before me. Roving amongst them, I
pulled out, entirely at random, a thin, worn duodecimo, that was trust
well back at a shelf end, as if it shrank from comparison with its
prosperous and portly neighbours. Nothing but chance impelled me to
the choice; and I don't know to this day what the ragged volume was
about. It opened naturally at a marker that lay in it—a folded slip
of paper, yellow with age; and glancing at this, a printed name caught
With some stir of curiosity, I spread the slip out. It was a
title-page to a volume, of poems, presumably; and the author was James
I uttered an exclamation, and turned, book in hand.
'An author!' I said. 'You an author, Major Shrike!'
To my surprise, he snapped round upon me with something like a
glare of fury on his face.
This the more startled me as I believed I had reason to regard him
as a man whose principles of conduct had long disciplined a temper
that was naturally hasty enough.
Before I could speak to explain, he had come hurriedly across the
room and had rudely snatched the paper out of my hand.
'How did this get—' he began; then in a moment came to himself,
and apologized for his ill manners.
'I thought every scrap of the stuff had been destroyed,' he said,
and tore the page into fragments. 'It is an ancient effusion,
doctor—perhaps the greatest folly of my life; but it's something of a
sore subject with me, and I shall be obliged if you'll not refer to it
He courted my forgiveness so frankly that the matter passed without
embarrassment; and we had our game and spent a genial evening
together. But memory of the queer little scene stuck in my mind, and I
could not forbear pondering it fitfully.
Surely here was a new side-light that played upon my friend and
superior a little fantastically.
Conscious of a certain vague wonder in my mind, I was traversing
the prison, lost in thought, after my sociable evening with the
Governor, when the fact that dim light was issuing from the open door
of cell number 49 brought me to myself and to a pause in the corridor
Then I saw that something was wrong with the cell's inmate, and that
my services were required.
The medium was struggling on the floor, in what looked like an
epileptic fit, and Johnson and another warder were holding him from
doing an injury to himself.
The younger man welcomed my appearance with relief.
'Heard him guggling,' he said, 'and thought as something were up.
You come timely, sir.'
More assistance was procured, and I ordered the prisoner's removal
to the infirmary. For a minute, before following him, I was left alone
'It came to a climax, then?' I said, looking the man steadily in
'He may be subject to 'em, sir,' he replied evasively.
I walked deliberately up to the closed door of the adjoining cell,
which was the last on that side of the corridor. Huddled against the
massive end wall, and half embedded in it, as it seemed, it lay in a
certain shadow, and bore every sign of dust and disuse. Looking
closely, I saw that the trap in the door was not only firmly bolted,
but screwed into its socket.
I turned and said to the warder quietly—'Is it long since this
cell was in use?'
'You're very fond of asking questions,' he answered doggedly.
It was evident he would baffle me by impertinence rather than yield
a confidence. A queer insistence had seized me—a strange desire to
know more about this mysterious chamber. But, for all my curiosity, I
flushed at the man's tone.
'You have your orders,' I said sternly, and do well to hold by
them. I doubt, nevertheless, if they include impertinence to your
'I look straight on my duty, sir,' he said, a little abashed. 'I
don't wish to give offence.'
He did not, I feel sure. He followed his instinct to throw me off
the scent, that was all.
I strode off in a fume, and after attending F— in the infirmary,
went promptly to my own quarters.
I was in an odd frame of mind, and for long tramped my sitting-room
to and fro, too restless to go to bed, or, as an alternative, to
settle down to a book. There was a welling up in my heart of some
emotion that I could neither trace nor define. It seemed neighbour to
terror, neighbour to an intense fainting pity, yet was nor distinctly
either of these. Indeed, where was cause for one, or the subject of
the other? F— might have endured mental sufferings which it was only
human to help to end, yet F— was a swindling rogue, who, once
relieved, merited no further consideration.
It was not on him my sentiments were wasted. Who, then, was
responsible for them?
There was a very plain line of demarcation between the legitimate
spirit of enquiry and mere apish curiosity. I could recognize it, I
have no doubt, as a rule, yet in my then mood, under the influence of
a kind of morbid seizure, inquisitiveness took me by the throat. I
could not whistle my mind from the chase of a certain graveyard
will-o'-wisp; and on it went stumbling and floundering through bog and
mire, until it fell into a state of collapse, and was useful for
I went to bed and to sleep without difficulty, but I was conscious
of myself all the time, and of a shadowless horror that seemed to come
stealthily out of corners and to bend over and look at me, and to be
nothing but a curtain or a hanging coat when I started and stared.
Over and over again this happened, and my temperature rose by
leaps, and suddenly I saw that if I failed to assert myself, and
promptly, fever would lap me in a consuming fire. Then in a moment I
broke into a profuse perspiration, and sank exhausted into delicious
Morning found me restored to vigour, but still with the maggot of
curiosity in my brain. It worked there all day, and for many
subsequent days, and at last it seemed as if my every faculty.were
honeycombed with its ramifications. Then 'this will not do', I thought,
but still the tunnelling process went on.
At first I would not acknowledge to myself what all this mental
to-do was about. I was ashamed of my new development, in fact, and
nervous, too, in a degree of what it might reveal in the matter of
moral degeneration; but gradually, as the curious devil mastered me, I
grew into such harmony with it that I could shut my eyes no longer to
the true purpose of its insistence. It was the closed cell about which
my thoughts hovered like crows circling round carrion.
'In the dead waste and middle' of a certain night I awoke with a
strange, quick recovery of consciousness. There was the passing of a
single expiration, and I had been asleep and was awake. I had gone to
bed wit no sense of premonition or of resolve in a particular
direction; I sat up a monomaniac. It was as if, swelling in the silent
hours, the tumour of curiosity had come to a head, and in a moment it
was necessary to operate upon it.
I make no excuse for my then condition. I am convinced I was the
victim of some undistinguishable force, that I was an agent under the
control of the supernatural, if you like.
Some thought had been in my mind of late that in my position it was
my duty to unriddle the mystery of the closed cell. This was a sop
timidly held out to and rejected by my better reason. I sought—and I
knew it in my heart—solution of the puzzle, because it was a puzzle
with an atmosphere that vitiated my moral fibre. Now, suddenly, I knew
I must act, or, by forcing self-control, imperil my mind's stability.
All strung to a sort of exaltation, I rose noiselessly and dressed
myself with rapid, nervous hands. My every faculty was focused upon a
solitary point. Without and around there was nothing but shadow and
uncertainty. I seemed conscious only of a shaft of light, as it were,
traversing the darkness and globing itself in a steady disc of
radiance on a lonely door.
Slipping out into the great echoing vault of the prison in
stockinged feet, I sped with no hesitation of purpose in the direction
of the corridor that was my goal. Surely some resolute Providence
guided and encompassed me, for no meeting with the night patrol
occurred at any point to embarrass or deter me. Like a ghost myself, I
flitted along the stone flags of the passages, hardly waking a murmur
from them in my progress.
Without, I knew, a wild and stormy wind thundered on the walls of
the prison. Within, where the very atmosphere was self-contained, a
cold and solemn peace held like an irrevocable judgement.
I found myself as if in a dream before the sealed door that had for
days harassed my waking thoughts. Dim light from a distant gas jet
made a patch of yellow upon one of its panels; the rest was buttressed
A sense of fear and constriction was upon me as I drew softly from
my pocket a screwdriver I had brought with mc. It never occurred to
me, I swear, that the quest was no business of mine, and that even now
I could withdraw from it, and no one be the wiser. But I was afraid—I
was afraid. And there was not even the negative comfort of knowing
that the neighbouring cell was tenanted. It gaped like a ghostly
garret next door to a deserted house.
What reason had Ito be there at all, or, being there, to fear? I
can no more explain than tell how it was that I, an impartial follower
of my vocation, had allowed myself to be tricked by that in the nerves
I had made it my interest to study and combat in others.
My hand that held the tool was cold and wet. The stiff little
shriek of the first screw, as it turned at first uneasily in its
socket, sent a jarring thrill through me. But I persevered, and it came
out readily by-and-by, as did the four or five others that held the
Then I paused a moment; and, I confess, the quick pant of fear
seemed to come grey from my lips. There were sounds about me—the deep
breathing of imprisoned men; and I envied the sleepers their
At last, in one access of determination, I put out my hand and
sliding back the bolt, hurriedly flung open the trap. An acrid whiff
of dust assailed my nostrils as I stepped back a pace and stood
expectant of anything—or nothing. What did I wish, or dread, or
foresee? The complete absurdity of my behaviour was revealed to me in
a moment. I could shake off the incubus here and now, and be a sane
I giggled, with an actual ring of self-contempt in my voice, as I
made a forward movement to close the aperture. I advanced my face to
it, and inhaled the sluggish air that stole forth, and— God in
I had staggered back with that cry in my throat, when I felt
fingers like iron clamps close on my arm and hold it. The grip, more
than the face I turned to look upon in my surging terror, was forcibly
It was the warder Johnson who had seized mc, and my heart bounded
as I met the cold fury of his eyes.
'Prying!' he said, in a hoarse, savage whisper. 'So you will, will
you? And now let the devil help you!'
It was not this fellow I feared, though his white face was set like
a demon's; and in the thick of my terror I made a feeble attempt to
assert my authority.
'Let me go!' I muttered. What! you dare?'
In his frenzy he shook my arm as a terrier shakes a rat, and, like
a dog, he held on, daring me to release myself.
For the moment an instinct half-murderous leapt in me. It sank and
was overwhelmed in a slough of some more secret emotion.
'Oh!' I whispered, collapsing, as it were, to the man's fury, even
pitifully deprecating it. 'What is it? What's there? It drew
He gave a snapping laugh like a cough. His rage waxed second by
second. There was a maniacal suggestiveness in it; and not much
longer, it was evident, could he have it under control. I saw it run
and congest in his eyes; and, on the instant of its accumulation, he
tore at me with a sudden wild strength, and drove me up against the
very door of the secret cell.
The action, the necessity of self-defence, restored me to some
measure of dignhy and sanity.
'Let me go, you ruffian!' I cried, struggling to free myself from
It was useless. He held me madly. There was no beating him off:
and, so holding me, he managed to produce a single key from one of his
pockets, and to slip it with a rusty clang into the lock of the door.
'You dirty, prying civilian!' he panted at me, as he swayed this
way and that with the pull of my body. 'You shall have your wish, by
G—! You want to see inside, do you? Look, then!'
He dashed open the door as he spoke, and pulled me violently into
the opening. A great waft of the cold, dank air came at us, and with
The warder had jerked his dark lantern from his belt, and now—an
arm of his still clasped about one of mine—snapped the slide open.
'Where is it?' he muttered, directing the disc of light round and
about the floor of the cell, I ceased struggling. Some counter
influence was raising an odd curiosity in me.
'Ah!' he cried, in a stifled voice, 'there you are, my friend!'.lIe
was setting the light slowly travelling along the stone flags close by
the wall over against us, and now, so guiding it, looked askance at me
with a small, greedy smile.
'Follow the light, sir,' he whispered jeeringly.
I looked, and saw twirling on the floor, in the patch of radiance
cast by the lamp, a little eddy of dust, it seemed. This eddy was
never still, but went circling in that stagnant place without apparent
cause or influence; and, as it circled, it moved slowly on by wall and
corner, so that presently in its progress it must reach us where we
Now, draughts will play queer freaks in quiet places, and of this
trifling phenomenon I should have taken little note ordinarily. But, I
must say at once, that as I gazed upon the odd moving thing my heart
seemed to fall in upon itself like a drained artery.
'Johnson!' I cried, 'I must get out of this. I don't know what's
the matter, or—Why do you hold mc? D— it! man, let me go; let me go,
As I grappled with him he dropped the lantern with a crash and
flung his arms violently about me.
'You don't!' he panted, the muscles of his bent and rigid neck
seeming actually to cut into my shoulder-blade. 'You don't, by G—!
You came of your own accord, and now you shall take your bellyfull!'
It was a struggle for life or death, or, worse, for life and
reason. But I was young and wiry, and held my own, if I could do
little more. Yet there was something to combat beyond the mere brute
strength of the man I struggled with, for I fought in an atmosphere of
horror unexplainable, and I knew that inch by inch the thing on the
floor was circling round in our direction.
Suddenly in the breathing darkness I felt it close upon us, gave
one mortal yell of fear, and, with a last despairing fury, tore myself
from the encircling arms, and sprang into the corridor without. As I
plunged and leapt, the warder clutched at me, missed, caught a foot on
the edge of the door, and, as the latter whirled to with a clap, fell
heavily at my feet in a fit. Then, as I stood staring down upon him,
steps sounded along the corridor and the voices of scared men hurrying
Ill and shaken, and, for the time, little in love with life, yet
fearing death as I had never dreaded it before, I spent the rest of
that horrible night huddled between my crumpled sheets, fearing to
look forth, fearing to think, wild only to be far away, to be housed
in some green and innocent hamlet, where I might forget the madness
and the terror in learning to walk the unvext paths of placid souls.
That unction I could lay to my heart, at least. I had done the manly
part by the stricken warder, whom I had attended to his own home, in a
row of little tenements that stood south of the prison walls. I had
replied to all enquiries with some dignity and spirit, attributing my
ruffled condition to an assault on the part of Johnson, when he was
already under the shadow of his seizure. I had directed his removal,
and grudged him no professional attention that it was in my power to
bestow. But afterwards, locked into my room, my whole nervous system
broke up like a trodden ant-hill, leaving me conscious of nothing but
an aimless scurrying terror and the black swarm of thoughts, so that I
verily fancied my reason would give under the strain.
Yet I had more to endure and to triumph over.
Near morning I fell into a troubled sleep, throughout which the
drawn twitch of muscle seemed an accent on every word of ill-omen I
had ever spelt out of the alphabet of fear. If my body rested, my
brain was an open chamber for any toad of ugliness that listed to 'sit
at squat' in.
Suddenly I woke to the fact that there was a knocking at my
door—that there had been for some little time.
I cried, 'Come in!' finding a weak restorative in the mere sound of
my own human voice; then, remembering the key was turned, bade the
visitor wait until I could come to him.
Scrambling, feeling dazed and white-livered, out of bed, I opened
the door, and met one of the warders on the threshold. The man looked
scared, and his lips, I noticed, were set in a somewhat boding
'Can you come at once, sir?' he said. 'There's summat wrong with
'Wrong?' What's the matter with him?'
'Why'—he looked down, rubbed an imaginary protuberance smooth with
his foot, and glanced up at me again with a quick, furtive
expression—'he's got his face set in the grating of 47, and danged if
a man Jack of us can get him to move or speak.'
I turned away, feeling sick. I hurriedly pulled on coat and
trousers, and hurriedly went off with my summoner, Reason was all
absorbed in a wildest phantasy of apprehension.
'Who found him?' I muttered, as we sped on.
'Vokins see him go down the corridor about half after eight, sir,
and see him give a start like when he noticed the trap open. It's
never been so before in my time. Johnson must ha' done it last night,
before he were took.'
'The man said the Governor went to shut it, it seemed, and to draw
his face to'ards the bars in so doin'. Then he see him a-lookin'
through, as he thought; but nat'rally it weren't no business of his'n,
and he went off about his work. But when he come anigh agen, fifteen
minutes later, there were the Governor in the same position; and he
got scared over it, and called out to one or two of us.'
'Why didn't one of you ask the Major if anything was wrong?'
'Bless you! we did; and no answer. And we pulled him, compatible
with discipline, but—'
'See for yourself, sir. That's all I ask.'
I did, a moment later. A little group was collected about the door
of cell 47, and the members of it spoke together in whispers, as if
they were frightened men. One young fellow, with a face white in
patches, as if it had been floured, slid from them as I approached, and
accosted me tremulously.
'Don't go anigh, sir. There's something wrong about the place.'
I pulled myself together, forcibly beating down the excitement
reawakened by the associations of the spot. In the discomfiture of
others' nerves I found my own restoration.
'Don't be an ass!' I said, in a determined voice. 'There's nothing
here that can't be explained.
Make way for me, please!
They parted and let me through, and I saw him. He stood, spruce,
frock-coated, dapper, as he always was, with his face pressed against
and into the grill, and either hand raised and clenched tightly round
a bar of the trap. His posture was as of one caught and striving
frantically to release himself; yet the narrowness of the interval
between the rails precluded so extravagant an idea. He stood quite
motionless—taut and on the strain, as it were—and nothing of his face
was visible but the back ridges of his jawbones, showing white through
a bush of red whiskers.
'Major Shrike!' I rapped out, and, allowing myself no hesitation,
reached forth my hand and grasped his shoulder. The body vibrated
under my touch, but he neither answered nor made sign.of hearing me.
Then I pulled at him forcibly, and ever with increasing strength. His
fingers held like steel braces. He seemed glued to the trap, like
Theseus to the rock.
Hastily I peered round, to see if I could get a glimpse of his
face. I noticed enough to send me back with a little stagger.
'Has none of you got a key to this door?' I asked, reviewing the
scared faces about me, than which my own was no less troubled, I feel
'Only the Governor, sir,' said the warder who had fetched me.
'There's not a man but him amongst us that ever seen this opened.'
He was wrong there, I could have told him; but held my tongue, for
'I want it opened. Will one of you feel in his pockets?'
Not a soul stirred. Even had not sense of discipline precluded,
that of a certain inhuman atmosphere made fearful creatures of them
'Then,' said I, 'I must do it myself.'
I turned once more to the stiff-strung figure, had actually put
hand on it, when an exclamation from Vokins arrested me.
'There's a key—there, sir!' he said—'stickin' out yonder between
Sure enough there was—Johnson's, no doubt, that had been shot from
its socket by the clapping to of the door, and afterwards kicked aside
by the warder in his convulsive struggles.
I stooped, only too thankful for the respite, and drew it forth. I
had seen it but once before, yet I recognized it at a glance.
Now, I confess, my heart felt ill as I slipped the key into the
wards, and a sickness of resentment at the tyranny of Fate in making
me its helpless minister surged up in my veins.
Once, with my fingers on the iron loop, I paused, and ventured a
fearful side glance at the figure whose crooked elbow almost touched
my face; then, strung to the high pitch of inevitability, I shot the
lock, pushed at the door, and in the act, made a back leap into the
Scarcely, in doing so, did I look for the totter and collapse
outwards of the rigid form. I had expected to see it fall away, face
down, into the cell, as its support swung from it. Yet it was, I
swear, as if something from within had relaxed its grasp and given the
fearful dead man a swingeing push outwards as the door opened.
It went on its back, with a dusty slap on the stone flags, and from
all its spectators—me included—came a sudden drawn sound, like a
wind in a keyhole.
What can I say, or how describe it? A dead thing it was—but the
Barred with livid scars where the grating rails had crossed it, the
rest seemed to have been worked and kneaded into a mere featureless
plate of yellow and expressionless flesh.
And it was this I had seen in the glass!
There was an interval following the experience above narrated,
during which a certain personality that had once been mine was effaced
or suspended, and I seemed a passive creature, innocent of the least
desire of independence. It was not that I was actually ill or actually
A merciful Providence set my finer wits slumbering, that was all,
leaving me a sufficiency of the grosser faculties that were necessary
to the right ordering of my behaviour.
I kept to my room, it is true, and even lay a good deal in bed; but
this was more to satisfy the busy scruples of a locum tenens—a
practitioner of the neighbourhood, who came daily to the prison to
officiate in my absence—than to cosset a complaint that in its
inactivity was purely negative. I could review what had happened with
a calmness as profound as if I had read of it in a book. I could have
wished to continue my duties, indeed, had the power of insistence
remained.to me. But the saner medicus was acute where I had gone blunt,
and bade me to the restful course. He was right. I was mentally
stunned, and had I not slept off my lethargy, I should have gone mad
in an hour—leapt at a bound, probably, from inertia to flaming lunacy.
I remembered everything, but through a fluffy atmosphere, so to
speak. It was as if I looked on bygone pictures through ground glass
that softened the ugly outlines.
Sometimes I referred to these to my substitute, who was wise to
answer me according to my mood; for the truth left me unruffled,
whereas an obvious evasion of it would have distressed me.
'Hammond,' I said one day, 'I have never yet asked you. How did I
give my evidence at the inquest?'
'Like a doctor and a sane man.'
'That's good. But it was a difficult course to steer. You conducted
the post-mortem. Did any peculiarity in the dead man's face strike
'Nothing but this: that the excessive contraction of the bicipital
muscles had brought the features into such forcible contact with the
bars as to cause bruising and actual abrasion. He must have been dead
some little time when you found him.'
'And nothing else? You noticed nothing else in his face—a sort of
obliteration of what makes one human, I mean?'
'Oh, dear, no! nothing but the painful constriction that marks any
ordinary fatal attack of angina pectoris.—There's a rum breach of
promise case in the paper today. You should read it; it'll make you
I had no more inclination to laugh than to sigh; but I accepted the
change of subject with an equanimity now habitual to me.
One morning I sat up in bed, and knew that consciousness was wide
awake in me once more. It had slept, and now rose refreshed, but
trembling. Looking back, all in a flutter of new responsibility, along
the misty path by way of which I had recently loitered, I shook with an
awful thankfulness at sight of the pitfalls I had skirted and
escaped—of the demons my witlessness had baffled.
The joy of life was in my heart again, but chastened and made
pitiful by experience.
Hammond noticed the change in me directly he entered, and
congratulated me upon it.
'Go slow at first, old man,' he said. 'You've fairly sloughed the
old skin; but give the sun time to toughen the new one. Walk in it at
present, and be content.'
I was, in great measure, and I followed his advice. I got leave of
absence, and ran down for a month in the country to a certain house we
wot of, where kindly ministration to my convalescence was only one of
the many blisses to be put to an account of rosy days.
Then did my love awake, Most like a lily-flower, And as the
lovely queene of heaven, So shone shee in her bower.
Ah, me! ah, me! when was it? A year ago, or two-thirds of a
lifetime? Alas! 'Age with stealing steps hath clawde me with his
erowch.' And will the yews root in my heart, I wonder?
I was well, sane, recovered, when one morning, towards the end of
my visit, I received a letter from Hammond, enclosing a packet
addressed to me, and jealously sealed and fastened. My friend's
communication ran as follows:.There died here yesterday afternoon a
warder, Johnson—he who had that apoplectic seizure, you will
remember, the night before poor Shrike's exit. I attended him to the
end, and, being alone with him an hour before the finish, he took the
enclosed from under his pillow, and a solemn oath from me that I would
forward it direct to you sealed as you will find it, and permit no
other soul to examine or even touch it. I acquit myself of the charge,
but, my dear fellow, with an uneasy sense of the responsibility I incur
in thus possibly suggesting to you a retrospect of events which you
had much best consign to the limbo of the—not inexplainable, but not
worth trying to explain. It was patent from what I have gathered that
you were in an overstrung and excitable condition at that time, and
that your temporary collapse was purely nervous in its character. It
seems there was some nonsense abroad in the prison about a certain
cell, and that there were fools who thought fit to associate Johnson's
attack and the other's death with the opening of that cell's door. I
have given the new Governor a tip, and he has stopped all that. We have
examined the cell in company, and found it, as one might suppose, a
very ordinary chamber. The two men died perfectly natural deaths, and
there is the last to be said on the subject. I mention it only from the
fear that the enclosed may contain some allusion to the rubbish, a
perusal of which might check the wholesome convalescence of your
thoughts. If you take my advice, you will throw the packet into the
fire unread. At least, if you do examine it, postpone the duty till
you feel impervious to any mental trickery, and—bear in mind that you
are a worthy member of a particularly matter-of-fact and unemotional
I smiled at the last clause, for I was now in a condition to feel a
rather warm shame over my erst weak-knee'd collapse before a sheet and
an illuminated turnip. I took the packet to my bedroom, shut the door,
and sat myself down by the open window. The garden lay below me, and
the dewy meadows beyond. In the one, bees were busy ruffling the ruddy
gillyflowers and April stocks; in the other, the hedge twigs were all
frosted with Mary buds, as if Spring had brushed them with the fleece
of her wings in passing.
I fetched a sigh of content as I broke the seal of the packet and
brought out the enclosure.
Somewhere in the garden a little sardonic laugh was clipt to
silence. It came from groom or maid, no doubt; yet it thrilled me with
an odd feeling of uncanniness, and I shivered slightly.
'Bah!' I said to myself determinedly. 'There is a shrewd nip in the
wind, for all the show of sunlight'; and I rose, pulled down the
window, and resumed my seat.
Then in the closed room, that had become deathly quiet by contrast,
I opened and read the dead man's letter.
Sir, I hope you will read what I here put down. I lay it on you as
a solemn injunction, for I am a dying man, and I know it. And to who
is my death due, and the Governor's death, if not to you, for your
pryin' and curiosity, as surely as if you had drove a nife through our
harts? Therefore, I say, Read this, and take my burden from me, for it
has been a burden; and now it is right that you that interfered should
have it on your own mortal shoulders. The Major is dead and I am
dying, and in the first of my fit it went on in my head like cimbells
that the trap was left open, and that if he passed he would look in and
it would get him. For he knew not fear, neither would he submit to
bullying by God or devil.
Now I will tell you the truth, and Heaven quit you of your
responsibility in our destruction.
There wasn't another man to me like the Governor in all the
countries of the world. Once he brought me to life after doctors had
given me up for dead; but he willed it, and I lived; and ever
afterwards I loved him as a dog loves it master. That was in the
Punjab; and I came home to England with him, and was his servant when
he got his appointment to the jail here. I tell you he was a proud and
fierce man, but under control and tender to those he favoured; and I
will tell you also a strange thing about him. Though he was a soldier
and an officer, and strict in discipline as made men fear and admire
him, his hart at bottom was all for books, and literature, and
such-like gentle crafts. I had his confidence, as a man gives his
confidence to his dog, and before others. ln this way I learnt the
bitter sorrow of his life. He had once hoped to be a poet,
acknowledged as such before the world. He was by natur' an idelist, as
they call it, and God knows what it meant to him to come out of the
woods, so to speak, and swet in the dust of cities; but he did it, for
his will was of tempered steel. He buried his dreams in the clouds and
came down to earth greatly resolved, but.with one undying hate. It is
not good to hate as he could, and worse to be hated by such as him; and
I will tell you the story, and what it led to.
It was when he was a subaltern that he made up his mind to the
plunge. For years he had placed all his hopes and confidents in a book
of verses he had wrote, and added to, and improved during that time. A
little encouragement, a little word of praise, was all he looked for,
and then he was redy to buckle to again, profitin' by advice, and do
better. He put all the love and beauty of his hart into that book, and
at last, after doubt, and anguish, and much diffidents, he published
it, and give it to the world. Sir, it fell what they call still-born
from the press. It was like a green leaf flutterin' down in a dead
wood. To a proud and hopeful man, bubblin' with music, the pain of
neglect, when he come to relize it, was terrible. But nothing was said,
and there was nothing to say. In silence he had to endure and suffer.
But one day, during manoovers, there came to the camp a grey-faced
man, a newspaper correspondent, and young Shrike nocked up a
friendship with him. Now how it come about I cannot tell, but so it did
that this skip-kennel wormed the lad's sorrow out of him, and his
confidents, swore he'd been damnabilly used, and that when he got back
he'd crack up the book himself in his own paper. He was a fool for his
pains, and a serpent in his croolty. The notice come out as promised,
and, my God! the author was laughed and mocked at from beginning to
end. Even confidentses he had given to the creature was twisted to his
ridicule, and his very appearance joked over. And the mess got wind of
it, and made a rare story for the dog days.
He bore it like a soldier and that he became hart and liver from
the moment. But he put something to the account of the grey-faced man
and locked it up in his breast.
He come across him again years afterwards in India, and told him
very politely that he hadn't forgotten him, and didn't intend to. But
he was anigh losin' sight of him there for ever and a day, for the
creature took cholera, or what looked like it, and rubbed shoulders
with death and the devil before he pulled through. And he come across
him again over here, and that was the last of him, as you shall see
Once, after I knew the Major (be were Captain then), I was
a-brushin' his coat, and he stood a long while before the glass. Then
he twisted upon me, with a smile on his mouth, and says he— 'The dog
was right, Johnson: this isn't the face of a poet. I was a presumtious
ass, and born to east up figgers with a pen behind my ear.'
Captain, I says, if you was skinned, you'd look like any other man
without his. The quality of a soul isn't expressed by a coat.'
'Well,' he answers, 'my soul's pretty clean-swept, I think, save
for one Bluebeard chamber in it that's been kep' locked ever so many
years. It's nice and dirty by this time, I expect,' he says, Then the
grin comes on his mouth again. 'I'll open it some day,' he says, 'and
look. There's something in it about comparing me to a dancing dervish,
with the wind in my petticuts. Perhaps I'll get the chance to set
somebody else dancing by-and-by.'
He did, and took it, and the Bluebeard chamber come to be opened in
this very jail.
It was when the system was lying fallow, so to speak, and the
prison was deserted. Nobody was there but him and me and the echoes
from the empty courts. The contract for restoration hadn't been signed,
and for months, and more than a year, we lay idle, nothing bein' done.
Near the beginnin' of this period, one day comes, for the third
time of the Major's seein' him, the grey-faced man. 'Let bygones be
bygones,' he says. 'I was a good friend to you, though you didn't know
it; and now, I expect, you're in the way to thank me.'
'I am,' says the Major.
'Of course,' he answers. ''Where would be your fame and reputation
as one of the leadin' prison reformers of the day if you had kep' on
in that timing nonsense?'
'Have you come for my thanks?' says the Governor.
'I've come, says the grey -faced man, 'to examine and report upon
'For your paper?'
'Possibly; but to satisfy myself of its efficacy, in the first
'You aren't commissioned, then?'
'No; I come on my own responsibility.'
'Without consultation with any one?'
'Absolutely without. I haven't even a wife to advise me,' he says,
with a yellow grin. What once passed for cholera had set the bile on
his skin like paint, and he had caught a manner of coughing behind his
hand like a toast-master.
'I know,' says the Major, looking him steady in the face, 'that what
you say about me and my affairs is sure to be actuated by
'Ah,' he answers. 'You're sore about that review still, I see.'
'Not at all,' says the Major; 'and, in proof, I invite you to be my
guest for the night, and tomorrow I'll show you over the prison and
explain my system.'
The creature cried, 'Done!' and they set to and discussed jail
matters in great earnestness. I couldn't guess the Governor's
intentions, but, somehow, his manner troubled me. And yet I can
remember only one point of his talk. He were always dead against
making public show of his birds. 'They're there for reformation, not
ignominy' he'd say. Prisons in the old days were often, with the asylum
and the work'us, made the holiday showplaces of towns. I've heard of
one Justice of the Peace, up North, who, to save himself trouble, used
to sign a lot of blank orders for leave to view, so that applicants
needn't bother him when they wanted to go over. They've changed all
that, and the Governor were instrumental in the change.
'It's against my rule,' he said that night, 'to exhibit to a
stranger without a Government permit; but, seein' the place is empty,
and for old remembrance' sake, I'll make an exception in your favour,
and you shall learn all I can show you of the inside of a prison.'
Now this was natural enough; but I was uneasy.
He treated his guest royly; so much that when we assembled the next
mornin' for the inspection, the grey-faced man were shaky as a wet
dog. But the Major were all set prim and dry, like the soldier he was.
We went straight away down corridor B, and at cell 47 we stopped.
'We will begin our inspection here,' said the Governor. Johnson,
open the door.
I had the keys of the row; fitted in the right one, and pushed open
'After you, sir,' said the Major; and the creature walked in, and
he shut the door on him.
I think he smelt a rat at once, for he began beating on the wood
and calling out to us. But the Major only turned round to me with his
face like a stone.
'Take that key from the bunch,' he said, 'and give it to me.'
I obeyed, all in a tremble, and he took and put it in his pocket.
'My God, Major.' I whispered, 'what are you going to do with him?'
'Silence, sir!' he said; 'How dare you question your superior
And the noise inside grew louder.
The Governor, he listened to it a moment like music; then he
unbolted and flung open the trap, and the creature's face came at it
like a wild beast's.
'Sir,' said the Major to it, 'you can't better understand my system
than by experiencing it. What an article for your paper you could
write already—almost as pungint a one as that in which you ruined the
hopes and prospects of a young cockney poet.'
'The man mouthed at the bars. He was half-mad, I think, in that one
'Let me out!' he screamed. 'This is a hidius joke! Let me out!'
'When you are quite quiet—deathly quiet,' said the Major, 'you
shall come our. Not before'; and he shut the trap in its face very
'Come, Johnson, march!' he said, and took the lead, and we walked
out of the prison.
I was like to faint, but I dared not disobey, and the man's
screeching followed us all down the empty corridors and halls, until
we shut the first great door on it.
It may have gone on for hours, alone in that awful emptiness. The
creature was a reptile, but the thought sickened my heart.
And from that hour till his death, live months later, he rotted and
maddened in his dreadful tomb.'
There was more, but I pushed the ghastly confession from me at this
point in uncontrollable loathing and terror. Was it
possible—possible, that injured sanity could so falsify its victim's
even' tradition of decency?
'Oh!' I muttered, 'what a disease is ambition! Who takes one step
towards it puts his foot on Alsirat!'
It was minutes before my shocked nerves were equal to a resumption
of the task; but at last I took it up again, with a groan.
I don't think at first I realized the full mischief the Governor
intended to do. At least, I hoped he only meant to give the man a good
fright and then let him go. I might have known better. How could he
ever release him without ruining himself?
The next morning he summoned me to attend him. There was a strange
new look of triumph in his face, and in his hand he held a heavy
hunting-crop. I pray to God he acted in madness, but my duty and
obedience was to him.
'There is sport towards, Johnson,' he said. 'My dervish has got to
I followed him quiet. We listened when I opened the jail door, but
the place was silent as the grave. But from the cell, when we reached
it, came a low, whispering sound.
The Governor slipped the trap and looked through.
'All right,' he said, and put the key in the door and flung it
He were sittin' crouched on the ground, and he looked up at us
vacant-like. His face were all fallen down, as it were, and his mouth
never ceased to shake and whisper.
The Major shut the door and posted me in a corner. Then he moved to
the creature with his whip.
'Up!' he cried. 'Up, you dervish, and dance to us!' and he brought
the thong with a smack across his shoulders.
The creature leapt under the blow, and then to his feet with a cry,
and the Major whipped him till he danced. All round the cell he drove
him, lashing and cutting—and again, and many times again, until the
poor thing rolled on the floor whimpering and sobbing. I shall have to
give an account of this some day. I shall have to whip my master with
a red-hot serpent round the blazing furnace of the pit, and I shall do
it with agony, because here my love and my' obedience was to him.
When it was finished, he bade me put down food and drink that I had
brought with me, and come away with him; and we went, leaving him
rolling on the floor of the cell, and shut him alone in the empty
prison until we should come again at the same time tomorrow.
So day by day this went on, and the dancing three or four times a
week, until at last the whip could be left behind, for the man would
scream and begin to dance at the mere turning of the key in the lock.
And he danced for four months, but not the fifth.
Nobody official came near us all this time. The prison stood lonely
as a deserted ruin where dark things have been done.
Once, with fear and trembling, I asked my master how he would
account for the inmate of 47 if he was suddenly called upon by
authority to open the cell; and he answered, smiling—'I should say it
was my mad brother. By his own account, he showed me a brother's love,
you know. It would be thought a liberty; but the authorities, I think,
would stretch a point for me. But if I got sufficient notice, I should
clear out the cell.'
I asked him how, with ms eyes rather than my' lips, and he answered
me only with a look.
And all this time he was, outside the prison, living the life of a
good man—helping the needy, ministering to the poor. He even
entertained occasionally, and had more than one noisy party in his
But the fifth month the creature danced no more. He was a dumb,
silent animal then, with matted hair and beard; and when one entered
he would only look up at one pitifully, as if he said, 'My long
punishment is nearly ended.' How it came that no enquiry was ever made
about him I know not, but none ever was.
Perhaps he was one of the wandering gentry that nobody ever knows
where they are next. He was unmarried, and had apparently not told of
his intended journey to a soul.
And at the last he died in the night. We found him lying stiff and
stark in the morning, and scratched with a piece of black crust on a
stone of the wall these strange words: 'An Eddy on the Floor.' Just
that— nothing else.
Then the Governor came and looked down, and was silent. Suddenly he
caught me by the shoulder.
'Johnson,' he cried, 'if it was to do again, I would do it! I
repent of nothing. But he has paid the penalty, and we call quits. May
he rest in peace!'
'Amen!' I answered low. Yet I knew our turn must come for this.
We buried him in quicklime under the wall where the murderers lie,
and I made the cell trim and rubbed out the writing, and the Governor
locked all up and took away the key. But he locked in more than he
For months the place was left to itself, and neither of us went
anigh 47. Then one day the workmen was to be put in, and the Major he
took me round with him for a last examination of the place before they
He hesitated a bit outside a particular cell; but at last he drove
in the key and kicked open the door.
'My God!' he say's, 'he's dancing still!'.My heart was thumpin', I
tell you, as I looked over his shoulder. What did we see? What you well
understand, sir; but, for all it was no more than that, we knew as
well as if it was shouted in our ears that it was him, dancin'. It
went round by the walls and drew towards us, and as it stole near I
screamed out, 'An Eddy on the floor!' and seized and dragged the Major
out and clapped to the door behind us.
'Oh!' I said, 'in another moment it would have had us.'
He looked at me gloomily.
'Johnson,' he said, 'I'm not to be frightened or coerced. He may
dance, but he shall dance alone. Get a screwdriver and some screws and
fasten up this trap. No one from this time looks into this cell.'
I did as he bid me, swetin'; and I swear all the time I wrought I
dreaded a hand would come through the trap and clutch mine.
On one pretex' or another, from that day till the night you meddled
with it, he kep' that cell as close shut as a tomb. And he went his
ways, discardin' the past from that time forth. Now and again a
over-sensitive prisoner in the next cell would complain of feelin'
uncomfortable. If possible, he would be removed to another; if not, he
was dam'd for his fancies. And so it might be goin' on to now, if you
hadn't pried and interfered, I don't blame you at this moment, sir.
Likely you were an instrument in the hands of Providence; only, as the
instrument, you must now take the burden of the truth on your own
shoulders. I am a dying man, but I cannot die till I have confessed.
Per'aps you may find it in your hart some day to give up a prayer for
me—but it must be for the Major as well.
Your obedient servant,
What comment of my own can I append to this wild narrative?
Professionally, and apart from personal experiences, I should rule it
the composition of an epileptic. That a noted journalist, nameless as
he was and is to me, however nomadic in habit, could disappear from
human ken, and his fellows rest content to leave him unaccounted for,
seems a tax upon credulity so stupendous that I cannot seriously
endorse the statement.
Yet, also—there is that little matter of my personal experience.